items. Don’t mention the name of the category to the client. Simply ask him or her to “circle the objects that belong together.” Do this until the client can select the five that go together for at least five different category sets.
- Provide the client 12 color markers and ask him or her to color black-and- white line-drawn objects. The objects should have clear target colors (e.g., banana, pea, carrot). This activity may be supplemented as needed with use of real objects or colored pictures to enhance “knowledge of object color properties” (p. 281). Do this until nine objects are colored correctly.
- Have the client trace around the con-tour of black-and-white line draw¬ings. The authors suggest that this step helps clients recognize items from
their “outer configuration” (p. 281). Do this until he or she conforms to the basic shape without intersecting the lines in the drawings themselves.
- Ask the person to copy the following geometric shapes: crescent, oval, star, octagon, cone, pyramid, cylinder, and cube. This is to help the client work on drawing images of the correct relative size and shape that also convey three-dimensional aspects. If needed, color the objects to provide additional cues. Do this until the client can draw all eight shapes in proper proportion.
- Provide pictures of objects with miss¬ing parts (such as a car missing a wheel, a cat missing an eye, or a horse missing a leg). Ask the person to fill in the missing parts using a black pen. This is to help foster attention to the features of objects. The specific num¬ber of items to be presented is not mentioned by the authors. When all items in the set of items you are using are complete and accurate, move on to the next step.
- Show the individual a picture and then take it away. Ask him or her to draw the picture. This is to work on drawing from “stored representa¬tions” (p. 282). Do this for 10 different pictures. Work on each picture up to three times if needed. Continue until appropriate and recognizable objects are drawn 100% of the time, as judged by a person who does not know what the items to be represented are.
7. Name an object on which you have been working. Ask the client to draw it. Do this until the drawing is appro¬priate and recognizable 100% of the time as judged by a person who does not know what the items to be rep¬resented are. Do this for all 10 of the items used in the preceding step